Cognitive Psychology, 2016-03-14

Module: 
Cognitive Psychology
Examiner: 
Axel Kohler
Assessor: 
Timo Schmidt
Date: 
Mon, 2016-03-14

Cognitive Neuropsychology - 3 chapters given
- Perception
- Memory
- Problem Solving

Experimental Psychology Lab - 3 chapters given
- The Role of Research in Psychology
- Aim and Hypothesis in Research
- Variables, Concepts and Measures

The Examination was held in English (I could choose between German and English) the atmosphere was really nice and I was also able to choose with which topic I want to start.

MEMORY
Q: Do you know different types of Long-Term Memory?
A: Implicit (Priming, Procedural Memory, Classical Conditioning with short explanations) and Explicit (Semantic and Episodic with short explanations)
Q: How do you think they came up with the distinction between those?
A: Singe- / Double Dissociations
Q: You named Dissociations can you explain those?
A: Explain Singe and Double Dissociation

PERCEPTION
Q: Can you explain Helmholtz Theory of unconscious inference?
Why unconscious? Why inference?
A: Explain Theory
Q: If you think about bottom-up and top-down processing where would you categorize the theory?
A: Explain bottom-up and top-down processing shortly. Then explain why belongs to top-down
Q: Are there other processes/theories like that?
A: Gestalt Laws --> Name and explain a few
Q: Why are they Heuristics?
Q: Can you think of an example where double dissociation could be used in perception?
A: what- /where path --> ataxia, agnosia

PROBLEM SOLVING
Q: Can you explain the concept of Analogies?
A: Explain Concept with Example. Explain also surface and structural features (specifically asked for)
Q: What influence do structural and surface features have
A: Only short answer. Naming Example but not explaining it.

SEMINAR PART
Q: What are confounding variables?
A: Definition and third variable Problem
Q: Can you name study types that are affected by them?
A: Cross-sectional, Longitudinal and randomised experimental design. Explain all of them shortly and state how they are influenced by confounding variables. I also named causality here.
Q: Can you name different measures by Steven's Theory of Measurement?
Q: Do you know any example (from e.g your own experience) in which confounding variables influenced the study?
A: Nominal, Ordinal, Interval, Ratio. Explain shortly and name Examples
Q: Which one of those do we most commonly use in Psychology?
A: Most data is in ordinal but gets treated as if it was Interval
Q: What are Mediator and Moderator Variables?
A: Explain definitions and Examples
Q: Are they confounding variables?
A: I said yes although mediator was not really but I could explain my answer.
Q: How can Moderator Variables be measured?
A: Nova Test (didn't know that one. But it was more like a Bonus Question anyway)

Overall the questions evolved with my answers. For example, I named Structural and Surface features in an answer and then he asked about it in more detail.